The European Union and the U.S. exchanged tariff threats this week after the World Trade Organization, in its ruling over illegal state aid America provided to Boeing Co., gave the EU permission to impose duties on $4 billion worth of U.S. goods.
French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire on Friday said he’s in favor of moving forward with retaliating against the U.S. in order to encourage a resolution to the dispute. Le Maire’s comments came a day after President Donald Trump said the U.S. will “strike much harder” if the EU goes ahead with the plan.
To date, the U.S. has not applied the full thrust of its $7.5 billion tariff award that the WTO granted last year in a parallel dispute against Boeing’s European rival, Airbus SE.
That ruling led the U.S. to impose 15% tariffs on Airbus aircraft and 25% levies on an array of European exports including French wine, Scotch Whisky and Spanish olives. Washington could raise those import taxes to 100%, which for many European products would effectively block their entry into the U.S. marketplace.
Meanwhile, the EU—which has drawn up a list of American products that will face tariffs—will likely hold fire until after the U.S. presidential election on Nov. 3, according to three officials familiar with the bloc’s thinking.
Le Maire said he plans to discuss the matter with German Economy Minister Peter Altmaier later Friday.
The EU’s draft retaliation list aims to target politically sensitive U.S. industries, such as aircraft, coal, farm products and seafood.
The earliest date that the EU could trigger new U.S. tariffs is Oct. 26, when Brussels can request and the WTO can grant formal authorization to retaliate legally under international rules.
The top trade officials from the U.S. and EU have said they prefer a negotiated solution to the 16-year-old aircraft dispute rather than engage in a damaging round of tit-for-tat tariffs. On Tuesday the EU’s trade chief, Valdis Dombrovskis, said the bloc’s “strong preference is for a negotiated settlement. Otherwise, we will be forced to defend our interests and respond in a proportionate way.”
The U.S. Trade Representative’s office said Brussels has no basis to impose tariffs and said the U.S. has “exercised restraint” with its WTO judgment. USTR Robert Lighthizer said he’s “waiting for a response from the EU to a recent U.S. proposal and will intensify our ongoing negotiations with the EU to restore fair competition and a level playing field to this sector.”
Lighthizer previously said he’s seeking two things: a pledge from Europe to end its aircraft subsidies and for Airbus to repay the subsidies it received from France, Germany, Spain and the U.K.
European industry officials argue that the U.S. demands are too heavy-handed and the pandemic has complicated the prospects for a deal. Both sides are mulling ways to support their airline industries through a period in which global travel restrictions have hammered passenger air travel.